Summary

Autore:Nicolò Carnimeo
Pagine:189-191
 
ESTRATTO GRATUITO
189
SUMMARY
SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
REGULATORY TOOLS FOR A COMMON POLICY
Europe’s fishing activities are currently undergoing a
reform process, which is still in progress and which shall be
fully implemented at the beginning of 2013. The new Common
Fisheries Policy (CFP) proposed by the Commission in summer
2011 is focused on the concept of “sustainability” that ís the
reference of al! environmental, economic and social policies for
the reorganisation and enhancement of a sector that is
experiencing a deep crisis but also great changes.
Fishing becomes “sustainable” through several actions
directed towards science-based management of fish stocks to
ensure that they become sustainable over time and reach the level
known to the experts as the «MSY», namely the “maximum
sustainable yield”. This is an objective that harmonizes the policies
for the management of European seas, in particular the
Mediterranean Sea, to the objective set out in the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Seas, and adopted at the 2002
World Summit on Sustainable Development as a target the
world should reach by 2015.
From now on, EU fisheries will be managed by multi-
annual plans and governed by the eco-system approach and the
precautionary principle to ensure that the impacts of fishing
activities on the marine ecosystem are limited. This requires
implementing tools already available in the complex system of
multilevel governance and applying international conventions
aimed to enforce an effective policy for the protection of the
marine environment, notably in the Mediterranean. These goal
orientations could be successful only if the activities relevant to

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