FrameNet Model of the Suspension of Norms

Autore:Monica Palmirani - Marcello Ceci
Carica:Associate Professor of Legal Informatics of the LawSchool ofUniversity of Bologna and member of the CIRSFID, University of Bologna - Ph.D student of Legal Informatics, CIRSFID, University of Bologna
Pagine:263-279
RIEPILOGO

1. Introduction - 2. Temporal Dimension in the Legislation - 3. Anatomy of Temporal Modificatory Provision - 4. Suspension of Efficacy - 4.1. Suspension Provision - 4.2. Disapplication Provision - 4.3. Modification of Suspending Provision - 5. Language Regularity of Suspension Provision - 6. Modelling Suspensions Using FrameNet - 7. From the Text Structure to the Legal Semantics - 8. Clearance of ... (visualizza il riepilogo completo)

 
ESTRATTO GRATUITO
FrameNet Model of the Suspension of Norms
MONI CA PALM IRA NI, MA RCEL LO CEC I
SUMM ARY:1. Introduction – 2. Temporal Dimension in the Legislation – 3. Anatomy
of Temporal Modificatory Provision – 4. Suspension of Efficacy – 4.1. Suspension
Provision – 4.2. Disapplication Provision – 4.3. Modification of Suspending Provision
– 5. Language Regularity of Suspension Provision – 6. Modelling Suspensions Using
FrameNet – 7. From the Text Structure to the Legal Semantics – 8. Clearance of the
Suspension Model – 9. Conclusions
1. INT RODU CTI ON
Legal documents and legal systems are by nature dynamic (they change
over time). Modifications affect legal texts, their temporal properties, and
even the meanings of the norms expressed in those texts. One of the main
goals in the research conducted over the last ten years on digitalization in
the legal domain1has been to provide techniques for producing updated col-
lections of legal documents on the Web in such a way as to manage change
through a consolidation process: this would help citizens, businesses and so-
cial actors generally in understanding their rights and duties in any specific
time and in a given context.
It is in order to make it possible to annotate this information as meta-
data that several XML standards have been developed (Akoma Ntoso, NiR,
Cen/Metalex), along with ontologies2and a document metadata framework
M. Palmiraniis Associate Professor of Legal Informatics of the Law School of University
of Bologna and member of the CIRSFID, University of Bologna; M. Ceci is Ph.D student
of Legal Informatics, CIRSFID, University of Bologna. The Authors would like to thank
the ICT4Law project (http://www.ict4law.org/), coordinatedby Gianmaria Ajani as par t of
the Converging Technologies Programme financed by Piedmont Region, forsuppor ting this
research.
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56-62.
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LKIF: Ontologies and Framework for Legal Reasoning, in “Legal Knowledge and Informa-
tion Systems, JURIX 2006 Conference”, Amsterdam, IOS Press, 2006, pp. 41-50; C. LUP O,
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Fig. 1 – From the text to semantic
(LegalRDF3) inclusive of events, actors and outcomes expected by a mod-
ificatory action. These standards were designed to describe the semantic
meaning of some relevant legal phenomena (like dynamicity, or change over
time), to enrich the expressive power of XML representation, and to endow
XML legal documents with a richer semantic annotation.
These arguments and properties are often marked up manually with the
support of specialized parser-enhanced editors4or of Bayesian NLP tools5,
3J. MCCLUR E,Legal-RDF Vocabularies, Requirements & Design Rationale, in “Proceed-
ings of the 5th Legislative XML Workshop”,Firenze, European Press Academic Publishing,
2007, pp. 149-160.
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“Proceedings of DEXA 2003, Workshop on E-Government”, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer-
Verlag, 2003, pp. 421-429; M. PALM IRAN I, R. BRI GHI, M. MA SSIN I,Automated Extraction
of Normative References in Legal Texts, in “Proceedings of ICAIL 2003”, New York, ACM
Press, 2003, pp. 105-106.
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Texts, in “Proceedings of the ICAIL 2007 Conference”, Vol. 15, pp. 1-17; E. DEMA AT,
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Information Systems”, JURIX 2008, Amsterdam, IOS Press, 2008, pp. 207-216; C. BI AGI-
OLI, E. F RANCE SCON I, A. PASSE RINI, S. M ONTEMAGNI, C. SORI A,Automatic Semantics

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