The Court of Cassation has ruled that, in the case of road killing, the charge must be limited to one charge, even in the case of driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs.
According to the Fourth Criminal Section of the Court of Cassation, those guilty of homicide must not be also charged for driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
The decision of the Supreme Court follows the precedent set by many cases resulting in the same decision: a single accusation.
The judge for preliminary investigations at the Court of Grosseto, for example, called to comment on an accident caused by a man who was under the influence, and whose conduct had caused the death of another motorist. The court established with the decree of August 28, 2017, that the fact which is the subject of the judicial proceeding, is already sanctioned by the most serious indictment.
As a crime, road killing is already an aggravated pursuant to art. 589-2nd, second paragraph, therefore the offense (Article 187 of the Code) can not coexist in the same procedure in which the latter is implicitly already sanctioned, as an aggravating circumstance.
With the introduction of the crime of motorist killing in 2016, (Law No. 41 of March 23, 2016) we have passed from the imputation of manslaughter, possibly aggravated by the use of alcohol or drugs, to the imputation of road killing.
Ne bis in idem
The sentence of the Supreme Court number 26857/2018 takes into consideration the principle of ne bis in idem, ie not twice for the same thing.
For this reason, driving in a state of intoxication is considered aggravating but not self-offending. If the defendant is prosecuted for the crime of street murder, he can not be charged with other minor autonomous crimes.
The drunk driving offense is sanctioned based on the amount of alcohol found in the driver's blood (articles 186 and 186 bis of the...