Italian Citizenship And How To Achieve It

Author:Giambrone Law ILP

Many people from all parts of the globe are seeking dual nationality or citizenship status in countries across Europe in order to gain a foothold in the Continent for a variety of reasons. Italy is one of the most desirable countries that individuals and families wish to access. A country with membership in the European Union delivers automatic European citizenship to its citizens and to all member countries as introduced by the Maastricht Treaty 1992. European citizenship is supplementary to national citizenship and provides a number of rights, freedoms and legal protections, including freedom of movement, settlement and employment across the European Union.

Italian citizenship is currently regulated by Law No. 91/1992 which assesses the importance of an individual's intention and recognises the right to hold dual citizenship. There is more than one way to acquire Italian citizenship, outlined below:

Descent from parents who are Italian citizens

Italian citizenship is principally acquired through jure sanguinis (blood right) i.e. being born to Italian parents. A male parent and the male line can transfer citizenship without limit to the number of generations, although Italian citizenship derives from 1861 when the country unified, prior to that there were no Italian citizens. However a female parent and female line could only transfer citizenship from 1948 onward until a recent decision by the Supreme Court stated that the provision was contrary to the principles of equality.

Marriage to an Italian citizen

Marriage to an Italian citizen automatically confers the right of Italian citizenship on the foreign spouse, except in the following cases: if an individual has carried out any serious criminal activity anywhere in the world; if the individual is deemed to be a security threat or a threat to public order.

There are further conditions to fulfil prior to the application, two years of legal residency in Italy or three years if the parties live abroad. The marriage must be viable throughout the application process. There are no requirements to learn Italian or have knowledge of Italy and the Italian...

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