Public Sector Information & Data Protection: A Plea for Personal Privacy Settings for the Re-use of PSI

Autore:Bart Van Der Sloot
Carica:Researcher at the Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam, specialized in privacy.
Pagine:219-236
RIEPILOGO

Il riuso dei dati pubblici, quando attiene ai dati personali, può entrare in conflitto con le norme sulla protezione della privacy. Nella definizione della direttiva sono dati personali le informazioni riferibili direttamente o indirettamente a una persona naturale identificata o identificabile. Si tratta dunque di criteri qualificanti basati su parametri soggettivi e oggettivi indifferentemente dal metodo di rilevazione. Tali informazioni possono riferirsi a una persona in quanto essa stessa ne costituisca l’oggetto, o in base alle finalità del riuso, in quanto utilizzate per valutare o influenzare comportamenti individuali, o in base agli effetti, nel caso in cui il trattamento di tali informazioni possa influenzare la reputazione del soggetto. Considerata la genericità di tale definizione, molti documenti pubblici possono contenere dati personali. Sia i governi che i soggetti terzi che trattino informazioni pubbliche dovranno rispettare tre principali tipologie di vincoli imposti dalla direttiva sulla protezione dei dati: - il requisito della legittimità del fine; - il rispetto delle tutele messe in atto dalle norme comunitarie; - il rispetto dei diritti del titolare dei ... (visualizza il riepilogo completo)

 
ESTRATTO GRATUITO
Public Sector Information & Data Protection: A Plea for
Personal Privacy Settings for the Re-use of PSI
BART VAN D ER SLOOT
SUMM ARY:1. Introduction – 2. Data Protection Directive – 2.1. Applicability –
2.2. Legitimate Purpose – 2.3. Safeguards – 2.4. Transparency & Rights – 3. Solutions –
3.1. Radical Solutions – 3.2. Anonymization – 3.3. Personal Privacy Settings – 4. Con-
clusion
1. INT RODU CTI ON
Already in the year 2000, the total value of the European public sector
information (PSI) was estimated to be around 68 billion euro annually1. To
ensure that at least a part of this potential is utilized, the re-use of public
sector information is encouraged in Europe through the PSI Directive of
20032, although it has to be said that it does not entail any obligation for
public sector organizations to disseminate such information. It is important
to distinguish between the right of access to governmental information and
the right to re-use3. The ratio behind rules ensuring access to governmental
information is mainly linked to democracy and control on governmental
power; re-use is primarily important for commercial interest4.
With regard to the re-use of PSI, three conceptsare important: (1) it must
regard re-use, (2) of information (3) in the hands of the public sector. All
three concepts are defined broadly in the PSI Directive regarding re-use of
public sector information. A public sector body means the state, regional
or local authorities, bodies governed by public law and associations formed
by one or several such authorities or one or several such bodies governed by
The Author is Researcher at the Institute for Information Law, University of
Amsterdam, specialized in privacy.
1EUROP EAN COMMISSION,Commercial Exploitation of Europe’s Public Sector Informa-
tion, 20 September 2000, p. 6.
2Directive 2003/98/EC of the European Parliamentand of the Council of 17 November
2003 on the re-use of public sector information (PSI Directive).
3J. PAS, B. DE VUY ST,The Use and Re-use of Government Information from an EU Per-
spective, Proceedings of the 37th Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences, 2004, p. 2.
4D. GOEN S,The Exploitation of Business Register Data from a Public Sector Information
and Data Protection Perspective: A Case Study, in “Computer Law & Security Review”, 2010,
n. 26, p. 399.
220 Informatica e diritto /Il quadro giuridico
public law. If they are not financed by a public authority, then they may still
qualify as a body governed by public lawif they are subject to supervision by
those bodies5. A public sector document refers to any content or any part of
such content whatever its medium6. Finally, ‘re-use’ is characterized as the
use by persons or legal entities of documents held by public sector bodies,
for commercial or non-commercial purposes other than the initial purpose
within the public task for which the documents were produced7.
Thus, the scope of the PSI Directive is very broad8. Since public sector
information also contains personal data, the distribution of the information
for re-use may trigger the applicability of the Data Protection Directive9.
The PSI Directive makes explicit reference to the Data Protection Direc-
tive when it states that it will leave intact and in no way affects the level of
protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data un-
der the provisions of Community and national law and in particular does
not alter the obligations and rights set out in Data Protection Directive10.
National legislators should implement and apply the PSI Directive in full
compliance with the principles relating to the protection of personal data in
accordance with the Data Protection Directive11. Finally, the PSI Directive
does not contain a definition of personal data, but refers to that of the Data
Protection Directive12. Both the Commission’s Green Paper13 and the re-
cent communication on the review of the PSI Directive14 confirm the full
applicability of the Data Protection Directive.
5See art. 2, par. 1 and 2, PSI Directive.
6See art. 2, par. 3, PSI Directive.
7See art. 2, par. 4, PSI Directive.
8See art. 1, par. 2, PSI Directive; art. 3, PSI Directive enumerates some exceptions.
9Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliamentand of the Council of 24 October 1995
on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the
free movement of such data. (Data Protection Directive).
10 See art. 1, par. 4, PSI Directive.
11 See Recital 21, PSI Directive.
12 See art. 2, par. 5, PSI Directive.
13 EUROP EAN COMMISSION,Public Sector Information: A Key Resource for Europe. Green
Paper on Public Sector Information in the Information Society, (COM), 1998, 585, p. 16.
14 COMM ISSI ON O F THE EU ROPEA N COMM UNI TIES ,Communication from the Com-
mission to the European Parliament, the Council, The European Economic and Social Commit-
tee and the Committee of the Regions. Re-use of Public Sector Information – Review of Directive
2003/98/EC, in “SEC”, 2009, n. 597, p. 8; C. COR BIN,EC Communication on the PSI
Directive: PSI Re-use Stakeholder Reaction, European PSI Platform, Topic Report n. 3.

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