On the border between two States, one of which belongs to the European Union and one from outside the EU, is located the Customs Office which has the duty of carrying out controls on incoming and outgoing goods between the two States.
The cases are not rare in which, during the control operations, customs seizure is made by the customs office.
- The outgoing controls are for exports. What must be ascertained is the absence of specific constraints, or rather the free export of goods. Having verified the foregoing, customs officers are required to issue the export authorization, better known as the customs declaration.
The export of goods, unlike the importation, is not subject to the payment of customs duties: no tax can be charged at the exit of the European Union.
- The incoming controls are instead aimed at ensuring national security and public order, as well as the collection of duties.
Indeed, for goods imported into Italy, payment is due not only to VAT but also to customs duties.
Both transporters and simple travellers are subject to customs controls.
Customs seizure in Italy: what must be declared?
Not everything can be imported into Italy. Specifically, the admitted goods are those that comply with the European legislation.
In this sense, the customs declaration will help avoid customs seizure.
In fact, despite the European countries, for which there is free movement of goods, people and capital, in the rest of the world, or in non-EU countries, it is necessary to compile a customs declaration of goods when preparing to cross the State.
In this sense, it will be useful at the moment of departure from a European Union State to head to an extra EU country, to indicate which goods are transported, in order to avoid paying taxes upon return, following the verification of products that, having not previously declared them, will be considered by the customs officers purchased in the non-EU country.
The aforementioned applies only to items of a commercial nature and significant value.
Therefore, the same must be indicated in the customs declaration, which may be:
- written, through the use of appropriate IT tools, to which are accompanied the documents related to the goods such as the purchase invoice or warranty;
- report, at the time of customs control, following which the customs authority must issue to the traveller a receipt which he must keep and show on his return.
In case one moves by sea or by plane, the...