ADP In Finnish Judicial Administration

Autore:Heikki Immonen
Carica:B. A., University of California at Los Angeles 1931

1. Reports of the Commission. 2. Establishment of the Hameenlinna ADP-Development Center. 3. The Information System for Legal Materials. 4. The Information System of Court Procedure and Execution of Judgements. 5. The Information System of Police Administration. 6. Regarding other areas. 7. Equipment.


Heikki Immonen , B. A., University of California at Los Angeles 1931, LL. B., University of Helsinki 1959, Business and Business Law Practice 1964, Referendary at the Court of Appeal of Helsinki 1964-68, Counsellor of Legislation at the Ministry of Justice 1968-, Member of the Finnish Commission for ADP in Judicial Administration 1971-74, Member of Data Protection Commission 1972, Member of Term-Tuning Working Group 1976.

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@1. Reports of the Commission

The Finnish Commission for ADP in Judicial Administration was appointed in September 1971. The Under-Secretary of State of the Ministry of Justice Mr. Kai Korte was elected chairman and the members, secretaries and experts included representatives of the Ministry of Justice, Police Department of the Ministry of the' Interior, Ministry of Finance, the State Computer Center, the Supreme Administrate Court, the Court of Appeal of Helsinki and the Statistics Center.

The First Report of the Comission which was published and' submitted in May-June 1973 included proposals for three main projects which were elaborated in the Report in varying detail: 1) the Information System of Legal Materials, 2) the information System of Court Procedure and Execution of Judgements and 3) the Information System of Police Administration, These main projects were further divided into sub-systems as shown in the-enclosed chart. A connection to the Information System of Real Estate which is being developed elsewhere in the administration was envisaged.

The second and final Report was published and submitted in February 1974. It included a chapter on the organization of the development work. It also covered the topic of training of judges, administrators, draftsmen parlamentarians, printers, prosecutors and policemen, The second Report even included a chapter on the bases for decision-making on techniques where the Commission, after consultation with the State Computer Center,Page 455 suggested that consideration should be given, before final decisions on computers and equipment were made, to existing ADP-capacity of the state administration, to decentralized but coordinated solutions, to batch-processing where practicable - and to further planning and localized experiments. The extensive experiments carried on in 1972-73 in Sweden and Finland were also reported.

@2. Establishment of the Hameenlinna ADP-Development Center

Establishment of the Hameenlinna ADP-Development Center (Name: Tietjifjestelman kehittamisyksikko, Address: Raatihuoneenkatu 18 B, SF-13100 Hameenlinna 10,'Finland, Phone: 917/69551) in March 1974 was a direct result of the work of the Commission. The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of the Interior signed an agreement on the subject.

The personnel of the Center is partly people from the Commission. The first Director Mr, Tapani Taskinen who was secretary general of the Commission and who has participated in the work of the Strasbourg Committees and in the various study visits has gone over to law practice. The new Director Mr, Juhani Ahla is also a lawyer and one of the former directors of the computerized Population Register Centre,- The Administration Manager, Mr, Markku Lindberg and the Systems Manager, Mrs. Helena Saari worked- actively in the Commission. The Center has a, permanent staff of only about 30 full-time people as the intention is to rely heavily on project groups formed on a temporary basis of experts both from within and outside the two ministries,

The duties of the Center are to continue the detailed planning of the priority topics of the three main projects and to carry out the training program envisaged by the Commission.

@3. The Information System for Legal Materials

If we then look more closely at the various systems we can see that the Information System of Legal Materials consists of five sub-systems.

The Judicial 'Precedents System appears in two stages of development because the proposal and outline of the Commission covered both of the two Supreme Courts, the Supreme Court proper and the Supreme Administrative Court, the Courts of Appeal and several other courts. Of these the System of the Supreme Administrative Court is already in operation.

The project of the Supreme...

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