Case history

97 risultati per Case history

  • Valutazione di vLex
  • Class action e modelli di tutela collettiva
  • Law and Its approach as a system

    1. The logical structure of law as a historical product. 2. Tendencies of formal rationalization in legal development. 3. Historical development of the approach to law as a system. 4. Present state of the attempts at a logical reconstruction of law and legal reasoning. 5. Question of the axiomatic conception of law. 6. Heuristic value of the approach to law as a system.

    ..., a process which is even considered as segregating the proper history of law from Its prehistory 1 . Undoubtedly, simultaneously with Its ... rationalization of that kind has been the textbook-writing (arranging case-law as a system of principles) or the codification of a mere persuasive ...

  • Profili teorici dell'accounting
  • Informatics and ideology of judicial decision-making

    Introduction. Judicial Decision-Making. Ideology of Legal and Rational Judicial Decision. Theoretical Model of Justified Judicial Decision. Types of Legal Informatic Systems. Types of Legal Informatic Systems and Ideologies of Judicial Decision. Conclusion.

    ... in question is a set of ideas how the judge should decide the cases in the best way, and whether legal informatics can help to perform his ...5. Not looking too far back into the history I single out three basic types of the ideology of judicial decision 3 . ...

  • Criminal Law Aspects of Computer Crime. General Theory of Computer Crimes and the Proposed Bill to Modify the Brazilian Penal Code

    1. Introduction. 2. Certain Aspects of the General Theory of Penal Law and the Origin of Computer Crimes in other Countries. 2.1. Current Limits of the General Theory of Penal Law and the Origin of Computer Crimes in other Countries. 2.2. Computer Crimes and Developments in Legislation. 2.3. The Objectives of Computer Crimes. 2.4. Differences between Existing Institutions. 2.5. The Property or...

    ...@1. Introduction. Technological development has changed the history of the world and transformed society. The Invention of the printing press, ... already provided for in specific legislation, which in the Brazilian case are the software law, Act n° 7646/87, the copyright law, Act n° ...

  • All about the Responsa Retrieval Project You always Wanted to Know but Were Afraid to Ask

    Expanded Summary. References.

    ... of material of interest to scholars in many areas, such as law, history, economics, philosophy, religion, sociology linguistics, musicology,' ... basic problems themselves are by and large present also in the latter case. It is therefore not surprising that most of the solutions arrived at for ...

  • Beyond Full Text: Towards a Role for Hypermedia in the Law

    1. Introduction. 2. Hypertext, Hypermedia and the Law. 3. Legal Documents. 3.1. EC directives: an example of printed legal documents. 3.2. EC directives: an example of digital legal documents. 4. Collections of Legal Documents. 4.1. The Corpus Iuris Civilis: am example of a printed collection. 4.2. The celex databases: an example of a digital collection. 5. Towards a Role for Hypermedia in Law....

    ... a staggering rise in the amount of legal information, mainly case law and statute, available in electronic form. While this is undeniably a ...commercial, lobbying etc., a document's legislative history or «Entstehungsgeschichte» may not only add Important Information but be ...

  • Social Implications of the Computer Revolution. Advantages and Disadvantages

    1. Marconi's invention and the dawn of the information age - 2. The computer and the information society - 3. The artificial man and the computer civilization - 4. The State as an enterprise and administrative automation - 5. Towards the factory of the future without human resources - 6. New labour relations in the office and the factory - 7. Company directors and Information technology - 8....

    .... A new century had begun and with it a new epoch in the history of mankind. Let us briefly reflect on the significance of these two ...In the former case, there has been an increasing reduction in the human work force whose ...

  • Towards Information Law

    1. Recollection of an inaugural lecture - 2. Past and present in the relationship between informatics and law - 3. Informatics and the modern law of information - 4. Informatics: civil law, criminal law and the administration of justice - 5. Society and information law.

    ...I have analysed the history of this legislation in other articles and papers of mine, to which I refer ... of software emerged, initially in commercial practice and then in case law, and finally in legislation. . With regard to the former legal ...

  • Uno sguardo ai progressi nelle applicazioni informatiche al diritto. Note a margine della Settima Conferenza Internazionale di Intelligenza Artificiale a Diritto

    ... . La prima sessione è stata dedicata al Case-Based Reasoning (CBR), ossia a quel settore dell'informatica che si occupa ... Group, USA)tAnaphora Resolution in the Extraction of Treatment History Language from Court Opinioni by Partial Porsimg. . JurisConsulto: ...

  • The Privacy Act of 1974

    The Background. The COSATI Recommendations. The Secretary's Advisory Committee on Personal Data Systems. The Provisions. Coverage. Data Collection. Data Retention. Data Disclosure. Data Amendment. Data Protection. Exemptions. Public Notice. Civil Remedies. Criminal Penalties. Mailing Lists. Social Security Number. The Privacy Protection Study Commission. Conclusion.

    ... but not limited to, his education, financial transactions, medical history, and criminal or employment history and that contains his name, or the ... individual adversely, he may recover his actual damages, but in no case less than $ 1,000, as well as attorney fees and costs, § 552a(g)(4). ...

  • Il ruolo dell'Intelligenza Artificiale nei sistemi informativi giuridici. Tendenze, problemi e prospettive

    1. L'evoluzione dei sistemi l'information retrieval. - 2. Intelligenza Artificiale e tecniche l'information retrieval; l'interazione tra sistemi esperti e basi di dati come supporto al reperimento delle informazioni (documentazione) e alla risoluzione dei problemi (consulenza e decisione). - 3. I sistemi esperti per l'information retrieval; 3.1. La conoscenza dei contenuti della base di dati; 3.2.

    ...24-32. R. Fidel, Online Searching Styles: a Case-Study Based Model of Searching Behavior, in «Journal of the American ... as a Frametvork far Viewing Library and Information Science History, in «Journal of Library History», 1985 Spring, 20 (2), pp. 157-172. N.N. ...

  • Reseda, un sistema AI. di «information retrieval» nel campo degli studi storici

    I. La codifica delle In formazioni biografiche. - II. L'interrogazione del sistema e le procedure d'inferenza. - III, Conclusioni,

    ... strido sensu abbiano una relazione molto stretta con i «case systems » (Bruce, 1975; Woods, 1975), sovente impiegati in ..., Anne (1977), Ghosis in the Machine: An Al Treatment of Mediaeval History, in Proceedings of the Fifth International Joint Conference on Arti fidai ...

  • Navigating in the Law through Hypermedia

    1. On-line Text Processing and Associative Access - 2. Prospects of Hypertext - 3. From Hypertext to Hypermedia - 4. Knowledge-based Hypertext and Hypermedia Systems - 5. A Hypermedia Application in Environmental Law - 5.1. The HypEnvir Prototype - 5.2. HyperEngine: The Template of HypEnvir - 5.3. Technical Features - 5.4. User Interface - 6. Social Impact of Hypertext - References

    ...In either case readers can view the related information by simply pointing to a cbottoif ...Escaping from the narrow inner world of the machine, it 'enters history'. If the machine is seen as a means for supporting social dynamics, a ...

  • XML: l' ipertesto sbarca sul Web

    1.1 La memoria e la biblioteca. 1.2 Da Ramelli a Berners-Lee. 2.1 La confusione tra ipertesto e World Wide Web. 2.2 La teoria ipertestuale. 2.3 Il link. 2.4 La struttura e la rappresentazione. 2.5 I linguaggi di Markup. 2.5.1 Il Markup e il Web. 3.1 La crisi del Web è la crisi di HTML. 3.2 I link scomparsi. 3.3 La perdita di distinzione fra struttura e rappresentazione. 3.4 L'inadeguatezza di...

    ... degli studiosi, nelle borse dei viandanti, negli scaffali di molte case; impravvisamente colto non era più chi aveva avuto il privilegio nella ... nella home page del loro sito azzerando tramite uno script l'history del browser e facendo comparire una scritta che spiegava il loro gesto. Il ...

  • Towards Information Law

    1. Recollection of an Inaugural Lecture. 2. Past and Present in the Relationship between Informatics and Law. 3. Informatics and the Modern Law of Information. 4. Informatics: Civil Law, Criminal Law and the Administration of Justice. 5. Society and Information Law.

    ...i have analysed the history of this legislation in other articles and papers of mine, to which i refer ... of software emerged, initially in commercial practice and then in case law, and finally in legislation. With regard to the former legal question, ...

  • La tutela dei diritti dei cittadini tra globalizzazione e innovazione

    Premessa. 1. Il contesto storico della globalizzazione. 1.1. La complessità multicausale del fenomeno e il ruolo centrale dell'informazione e della comunicazione. 1.2. La "interdipendenza mondiale complessa". 1.3. La "mondializzazione" o "globalizzazione" e la crisi dello Stato nazionale. 1.4. La crisi del concetto di cittadinanza, in quanto connesso a quello di...

    ... il coordinamento, da parte dell'ITTIG, del Progetto europeo CASELEX ("CASE Law Exchange"), per la realizzazione di un sistema informativo ... the Twenty-First Century, in Howard M., Louis W.R., "The Oxford History of the Twentieth Century", Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1998 (una ...

  • Iperinflex: A Hypertext for Legislative Drafting

    1. Hypertexts and Legislative Drafting - 2. Legislative Drafting - 3. Automated- Legislative Drafting (Legimatics) - 4. Early Automated Legislative Drafting Systems - 4.1. Lexedit - 4.2. Lexeditor - 4.3. IRI-AL - 4.4. LEDA - 5. Structure and Function of an Automated Legislative Drafting Tool - 6. Iperinflex Description - 6. Glosses - 7. Iperinflex Prospects - References

    ...Normally, in the case of an act, the screen shows only one article thus hindering both the ... bring order Inside rules, always having a look both at the past (history) and at the present" [Archi 1987]. . . The term 'leglstik' came from ...

  • Managing Legal Document Collections: The Use of Information Modeling to Understand Intellectual Contents

    Let Us Use Information Modeling - An Example: Modeling Traditional Legal Disclaimers - Conclusions - References

    ...This has not always been the case: existing approaches to understanding electronic documents have too often ...18, No. 2 (May 1994), pp. 8-12. [Welsh 94] J, Welsh, Software is History! in: A Classical Mind (Essays in Hobouf of C.AJL Hoare), ed by A.W. ...

  • From text to Hypertext

    The Castle of Crossed Destinies. Reading Units or Lexia. Hypertext Pattern. Hypertext Innovations. Hypertext Navigation. Aknowledgements.

    ... and their identification is a purely arbitrary operation, in this case I felt almost driven by Calvino in this direction. @Hypertext Pattern. ...Ejzenstejn had an intuition that radically modified the history of the cinema. The Russian director invented the technique of editing, ...

  • Information Technologies in Law Enforcement

    1. Introduction and Aims. 2. Law-enforcement Procedures. Information and Technologies. 3. Procedures and Knowledge. 4. Documentation. 5. Interactivity. 6. Research on Technologies Employed in the Law. Acknowledgments.

    ..., and frustration, as more than a few examples from recent history have shown. It should be, for example, the evaluation of the effectiveness ... the concept of knowledge with some form of evaluation - in extreme cases, of universality or truth - with certain data, the presence of ...

  • La ricerca automatica dei documenti nell'archivlo BID (Bibliografia internazionale d'informatica e diritto)

    L Premessa. - 2. Modalità di ricerca delle informazioni contenute nell'archivlo BID' (Ordini funzionali e simboli delle operazioni logiche; Tabelle di consultazione e macrocanali; Canali di ricerca; Ordini di stampa).- - 3. La struttura delle informazioni fornite al terminale. - 4. Consistenza dell'archivlo al 31 dicembre 1976 e programmi d'incremento. - 5. Ricerche esemplificatipe svolte con l'au

    ...57-72,. CLASS. DEC, : 240. THE ARTICLE REPORTS THE HISTORY OF THE COMPUTER UP TO 1S4S WHEN THE UNITED STATES, REACHED THE EUROPEAN ...LOMBARDI GloVANNI,. ACCENTRAMENTO DEL CASELLARlo GIUDIZlaRlo.- . . IN ; RELAZIONE PRESENTATA ...